Figure 3: Preparation and transplantation of autologous Ad-MSCs and long-term clinical evaluation. Note: (A) Workflow of autologous Ad-MSC preparation. (B) Collection of abdominal adipose tissue. (C) Injection region for Ad-MSC transplantation. (D) Workflow of clinical research. (E) The BSDI score was reduced at 7 days, 3 months, and 6 months post-op. Ad-MSC: adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells; BSDI: blepharospasm disability index; CSF: cerebrospinal fluid; HB: House–Brackmann; NSC: non-stem cell; OP: operation; post-op: postoperation; pre-op: preoperation; SC: stem cell.